University of Southern California

Price School of Public Policy

Courses of Instruction

The terms indicated are expected but are not guaranteed. For the courses offered during any given term, consult the Schedule of Classes.

Policy, Planning, and development (Ppd)

PPD 100m Los Angeles, The Enduring Pueblo (4, FaSp) Gateway to the minor in Planning and Development. Ethnic history of Los Angeles, emphasis placed on architecture, planning, and development. Multiplicity of cross-connections shaped by race, ethnicity, religion, gender, and sexual orientation. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 100.)

PPD 225 Public Policy and Management (4, FaSp) Institutions, legal context, and processes of public policy and management. Contemporary theories of public policy formulation, implementation, and evaluation. Public managerial challenges and reforms.

PPD 227 Urban Planning and Development (4, FaSp) Gateway to B.S., Public Policy, Management and Planning and minor in Planning and Development. City building and development process; who plans, politics of planning and development; major topics include land use, fiscal policy, transportation, sustainability, and economic development.

PPD 240 Citizenship and Public Ethics (4, Fa, Sp) Review of legal and ethical traditions of citizenship with emphasis on the latter; consideration of implications for current practice of public policy-making and management. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 240.)

PPD 245 The Urban Context for Policy and Planning (4, Fa) The urban context for planning and policy decisions. Socioeconomic, physical, and spatial structure of cities; and the underlying demographic, economic, and social processes that drive their ongoing transformation.

PPD 250m Third World Cities (4, FaSp) Gateway to the B.S., Planning and Development. The transition from traditional to modern cities in the developing world. Primacy and dualism; comparative urbanism as an expression of cultural variation; contrast in Western cities. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 250.)

PPD 301 PPD Practices: Internship Seminar (2, FaSpSm) Policy, planning, and development skills for practice; internship seminar; leadership, group dynamics and presentation skills; application of management; organizational diversity; reflection on experiences. (Duplicates credit in the former PPD 401.)

PPD 303 Statistics for Policy, Planning, and Development (4, FaSpSm) Statistical applications applied to the real world; techniques including probability, sampling; hypothesis formation and testing; correlation, and linear regression. (Duplicates credit in the former PPD 404.)

PPD 306 Visual Methods in Policy, Management, Planning and Development (4, FaSp) Introduction to graphic design, photodocumentation, and geographic information systems as employed in planning, policy, and development. Visual explanations. Computer and by-hand applications. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 410.)

PPD 313 Finance of the Public Sector (4, FaSp) Justifications for and effects of government policies; tax and spending sides of government budgets; public goods; externalities; social insurance; redistribution and welfare; tax policy. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 313.) Prerequisite: ECON 203.

PPD 314 Public Policy and Law (4, Fa) Institutional foundations and analysis of public policy issues; policy formulation and implementation; application of theories; case analyses.

PPD 315 Analytic Foundations for Public Policy (4, Sp) Qualitative methods of analysis; ethical and political implications of policy choices; issue diagnosis and policy design skills; critical reasoning and ethics; policy leadership.

PPD 316 Human Resource Management for Public Organizations (4, FaSp) Human resource development and management; values and processes in civil service career systems; training practices; human relations in supervision; personnel theory. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 316.)

PPD 318 Financial Accounting in Public and Nonprofit Organizations (4, FaSp) Basic accounting principles and concepts necessary for the preparation and understanding of financial statements; accounting for service organizations in the public/nonprofit sector; fund accounting. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 351.)

PPD 320 Organizational Behavior in Public Administration (4, FaSp) Understanding human behavior in public organization: motivation, roles, communication; group behavior and decision-making in public context; managing conflict; leadership and change in public complex organizational systems. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 485.)

PPD 325 Fundamentals of Health Policy and Management (4, FaSp) Institutions, policies, and processes affecting health care policy and management; historical and philosophical roots; management of health care delivery; access and quality issues; responsiveness to public needs. (Duplicates credit in the former PPD 230.)

PPD 330 Introduction to Health Care Systems (4, Sp) Concepts and determinants of health and illness; health care delivery organizations and programs; the role of the administrator; issues in health care financing and access; quality evaluation; future trends. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 330.)

PPD 340 The American System of Justice (4, Irregular) Introduction to the system of justice administration: components — police services, judiciary, corrections; interrelationships and issues; management strategies for change. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 340.)

PPD 342 Crime and Public Policy (4, Fa) Public policy agenda-setting, alternatives formulation, and implementation for crime and criminal justice; analysis of specific issues including crime control, death penalty and gun control. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 342.)

PPD 343 Terrorism, Homeland Security, and Public Policy (4, Fa) Overview of terrorism, government policies and practices, issues of civil liberties, challenges to public sector management.

PPD 353 Introduction to Philanthropy and Grant-writing (4, Fa) History, theories, philosophies, and practices of philanthropy; relationship between philanthropy and nonprofit world; grant-making procedures and relation to social innovation.

PPD 357 Government and Business (4, FaSp) Interrelated roles of business and public institutions; effects of public policies and laws on business sector; incorporates public and business perspectives. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 357.) Prerequisite: ECON 203.

PPD 358 Urban and Regional Economics (4, Fa) Basic concepts of urban and regional economies; how planners intervene in the urban market; housing, transportation, public goods; land use politics; fiscal issues; cost-benefit analysis. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 402.)

PPD 360 Urban Transportation Planning and Policy (4, Sp) Current transportation planning and policy critiques. Transportation planning; the relationship to urban structure; conventional and para-transit modes; analysis of local plans. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 480.)

PPD 362 Real Estate Fundamentals for Planning and Development (4, Fa) Urban markets, government role and influences; capital markets and financing environment; mortgage instruments and analytic tools for decision-making. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 406.)

PPD 371 The Nonprofit Sector and the Public Interest (4, Fa) Theories of the voluntary nonprofit sector in society and its relationship to government and business; public policies toward the sector. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 371.)

PPD 372m Public Service in an Urban Setting (4, Sp) Voluntary service in an urban, multicultural context: diverse meanings and practices, history, motivations, relationship to charity and change, dilemmas, public policies; service learning project required. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 372.)

PPD 373 Public Policy and Planning Analysis (4, FaSp) Applied analytic modeling and data manipulation; visual presentation; interpretation of data; needs assessment and market failure analysis; indexing; extrapolation and simple forecasting; simple risk analysis; benefit-cost analysis. (Duplicates credit in the former PPD 473.) Prerequisite: ECON 203, PPD 225, PPD 303.

PPD 380ab International Perspectives on Urban Problem Solving (4-4, Irregular) Research on comparative urban public policy and administration utilizing case study approach; field research includes study in various foreign cities. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 412ab.)

PPD 382 International Development (4, FaSp) Definitions and measurements of development; impact of globalization; concept and practice of international and development administration and planning at local, national, and global governance levels. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 405.)

PPD 390 Special Problems (1-4) Supervised, individual studies. No more than one registration permitted. Enrollment by petition only. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 390 and PPMT 390.)

PPD 402 Management of Public and Nonprofit Organizations (4, Fa) Contemporary management theory; the nature of complex organizations; organizational and intergovernmental arrangements; roles and responsibilities of managers; managerial and organizational effectiveness; organizational structure and dynamics.

PPD 403 Management Analysis I (4, Sp) Introduction to organizational and systems analysis; historical perspective; systems theory; information systems, procedure analysis; management planning; introduction to models. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 403.)

PPD 407 Financial Management of Public and Nonprofit Organizations (4, Sp) Time value of money, risk, government bonds and tax-exempt financing, cost of capital, budgeting, financial statement analysis, and working capital management.

PPD 410 Comparative Urban Development (4, Sp) Urbanization and urban development and growth through an international scope; globalizing cities.

PPD 411abcd Sacramento Semester (4-4-4-4, Irregular) Exploration of political, economic, and administrative climate of the state government; basic processes and functions considered through seminars, research projects, visitations, group discussions, and internships. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 411abcd.)

PPD 412L GeoDesign Practicum(4, FaSp) (Enroll in SSCI 412L)

PPD 413 Administration of Health Care Organizations (4, Sp) Theory and practice; role of governing bodies, medical staffs and quality review committees; current trends; community responsibility; regulatory and oversight agencies. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 439.)

PPD 414 Community Health Policy and Planning (4, Sp) Historical perspectives on and the contemporary practice of community health planning; impact of culture, socioeconomics, and environment; policy dimensions; urban planning’s role in enhancing and sustaining health.

PPD 415 Health Policy (4, Sp) Health policy analysis and challenges; price of health; structure of major sectors in health care; role of insurance in policy debates; trade-offs with policy decisions. Prerequisite: PPD 325.

PPD 417 History of Planning and Development (4, Sp) Historical evolution of planning and development. How changing modes of planning and development have shaped the built landscape throughout the century. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 485.)

PPD 420 Environmental Impact Assessment (4, Sp) Exploration of the role of the National Environmental Policy Act and the California Environmental Policy Act; study of environmental impact assessments including the regulatory aspects, stakeholder and participatory processes, and legal framework.

PPD 425 Designing Livable Communities (4, Fa) Theories and concepts of livable communities and good city form; case studies of historical and current best practices; field visits; collaborative design project. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 407.)

PPD 427L Geographic Information Systems and Planning Applications (4, Fa) Basic GIS concepts, ArcView and other GIS software, planning applications and databases, basic cartography; students select, research and prepare a planning GIS analysis project.

PPD 429 Urban Design Practicum (4, Irregular) Application of design concepts and graphic skills to a local design problem sponsored by a local public or private client in a studio setting; site visits, community contact, presentations. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 414.) Prerequisite: PPD 306, PPD 425.

PPD 431 Undergraduate Policy, Planning, and Development Studio (4, FaSp) Application of methods in the exploration of a specific project, policy, or organization from the multiple perspectives of the five tracks in the undergraduate program. Open only to seniors.

PPD 435 Analyzing Real Estate Markets for Planning and Development (4) Macro- and micro-analysis of urban property markets (residential, commercial, and industrial) with regard to their location and dynamics. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 446.) Recommended preparation: PPD 362.

PPD 437 Advanced Finance and Investment for Planning and Development (4, FaSpSm) Advanced real estate principles. The nature, operation, and role of U.S. mortgage markets. Mortgage financing of residential and income-producing property types. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 456.) Prerequisite: PPD 362, MATH 117.

PPD 438 Local Economic Development (4, Fa) Economic development in a capitalist system, historic review, sectoral review, funding, strategizing, partnerships, evaluation; class project. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 447.)

PPD 439 Housing and Community Development (4, Fa) Evolution of government housing and community development programs; present practices, e.g., housing elements, economic development, neighborhood rehabilitation; housing needs and market analysis; housing and health. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 440.)

PPD 440 Management of Justice Systems (4, Irregular) Social controls and delivery of justice administration services; comparative systems; organization theory and justice administration; system adaptation and change; system performance measurement: economy, efficiency, effectiveness. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 440.)

PPD 441 Judicial Administration (4, Irregular) Local, state, federal judicial systems; constitutional, legislative, judicial influences on administrative action. Administrative problems associated with judicial functions including district attorney, public defender, the courts. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 441.)

PPD 442 Administration of Police Services (4, Irregular) Police and society; the structure and organization of American policing, current managerial problems; police research and development; future planning; administration of police juvenile programs. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 442.)

PPD 452 Organization and Interface of Juvenile Justice Subsystems (2, FaSp) Effective interface among juvenile justice subsystems (police and social service agencies, schools, courts); legal/jurisdictional parameters, resource constraints; strategies for joint intervention and problem resolution. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 452.)

PPD 453 Program, Policy, and Legislative Trends in Juvenile Justice (2, Irregular) Examination of current research findings and legislation in juvenile justice; relations of new information to operating assumptions of agencies; impacts, trends; implications for management practice. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 453.)

PPD 454 Problems and Issues in the Delivery of Youth Services (2, Irregular) Strategies for coordinated mobilization of diverse juvenile justice agencies; resolution of conflicting agency objectives (e.g., enforcement vs. rehabilitation). Information and resource needs; organizational skills, techniques. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 454.)

PPD 461 Sustainable Communities, Policy and Planning (4, FaSp) Policy and planning as shaped by sustainability theories; sustainability indicators; topics include water resources, air quality, land use regulations, environmental design, carrying capacity, ecological footprint analysis.

PPD 466 Urban Government and Management (4, Irregular) Preparation and discussion of cases dealing with selected policy areas including transportation, housing, poverty, and environmental quality. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 427.)

PPD 468 Cross-Cultural Negotiations: Communication and Strategy (4) (Enroll in COMM 468)

PPD 475 The Future of California (4) (Enroll in MDA 475)

PPD 476 Politics and Administration (4, Sp) Administrative relationships to the policy processes; influence of political and economic pressures on administrative policy determination; political behavior by administrators; case analysis. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 486.)

PPD 478 Social Innovations (4, Fa) Strategies and processes of social innovation and change; examination of social change in the market, government, and within the nonprofit sector; dynamics; civic action and activism.

PPD 482 Comparative Public Administration (4, Sp) Methodology, theories, and models of comparison; functional processes of administration in developing and developed nations compared; role of bureaucracy in development and nation-building; ecology of administration. (Duplicates credit in former PPMT 482.)

PPD 485m U.S. Immigration Policy (4, Fa) Examination of the historical and contemporary components of U.S. immigration policy with emphasis on policies addressing legal permanent immigrants, refugees, asylees, the undocumented.

PPD 490x Directed Research (1-8, max 12, FaSpSm) Individual research and readings. Not available for graduate credit. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 490x and PPMT 490x.)

PPD 497ab Senior Thesis (a: 2, Fa; b: 2, Sp) Writing of the honors capstone project in an area of interest related to the track of study; research and writing skills. Open only to seniors.

PPD 498 Senior Honors Seminar (4, FaSpSm) Concepts, theories, and methods of analysis of a selected topic within the fields of public policy, management and planning. Students must have a 3.5 GPA in PPD courses; 3.0 GPA overall.

PPD 499 Special Topics (2-4, max 8, FaSpSm) Selected topics in Policy, Management and Planning. (Duplicates credit in former PLDV 499 and PPMT 499.)

PPD 500 Intersectoral Leadership (2) Roles of public, private, nonprofit, and civil society sectors in policy, planning, and development. Leadership skills in negotiation, conflict resolution, institutional design, problem solving.

PPD 501ab Economics for Policy, Planning and Development (2-2) a: Microeconomic theory as applied to policy, planning, and development; concepts of efficiency; macroeconomic issues. b: Microeconomic analysis and modeling to incorporate Market failure and issues of uncertainty and information failure; organization models; policy instruments; policy and planning applications.

PPD 502x Statistical Foundations for Public Management and Policy (2, FaSp) Statistical analysis concepts and reasoning; sampling and data sources; focus on basic statistical applications in public management and policy analysis. Not for graduate credit for MHA, MPA, MPP and affiliated degrees.

PPD 507 Six-Sigma Methods and Applications (3, FaSpSm) (Enroll in ISE 507)

PPD 508 Health Care Operations Improvement (3, Sp) (Enroll in ISE 508)

PPD 509 Problems and Issues in the Health Field (4, FaSp) Principles of epidemiology; disease trends, treatment efficacy, influences on utilization; health promotion, disease prevention and health protection; intergovernmental relationships; management of public health programs. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 530.)

PPD 510ab Financial Management of Health Services (4-2, FaSp) a: Accounting principles, financial reports, managerial finance, financial planning, capital investments, working capital analysis; elements of budgeting and reimbursement; performance standards; reporting; developing a management system. Open only to graduate students. Prerequisite: PPD 516; recommended preparation: PPD 502x or competence in statistics. b: Changing practices, emerging issues, strategies and innovations in financial planning, management, and regulation; federal and state policies and requirements.

PPD 511 Health Information Systems (2, FaSm) Conceptual framework for data base development; relational data management; use of health statistics; health indicators; confidentiality, security, privacy. Recommended preparation: PPD 502x or competence in statistics and PPD 516 or competence in accounting.

PPD 512 Health Administration Residency Seminar (2, max 4, Sp) Supervised study of health care administration, governance, professional staff relations, internal operations and controls, legal and regulatory requirements, management policy and strategy. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 533.) Prerequisite: PPD 509, PPD 510a, PPD 545; minimum of 20 graduate level units.

PPD 513 Legal Issues in Health Care Delivery (2, FaSp) Rights of consumers; health-related powers of governments; rights and responsibilities of health care providers; interrelationships of rights, powers, and responsibilities. Open only to graduate students. Recommended preparation: PPD 509 or substantial prior work experience in health care organizations.

PPD 514 Economic Concepts Applied to Health (4, FaSpSm) Relationships between economic characteristics and health status; impact of economy on health services industry; demand and resources for health services; utilization, prices, costs, health insurance. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 537.) Prerequisite: PPD 501a.

PPD 515 Strategic Management of Health Organizations (4, FaSpSm) Application of principles of health administration in several practice settings. Decision-making; strategic management; organizational performance; communication; provider comparisons. Prerequisite: PPD 510a or HMGT 565, PPD 545 or HMGT 520; recommended preparation: PPD 509, PPD 511, PPD 513, PPD 514, PPD 557.

PPD 516 Financial Accounting for Health Care Organizations (4) Accounting as a management tool; accounting systems; basic accounting concepts and procedures; budgets; financial statements. Open only to graduate students.

PPD 517 Concepts and Practices in Managing Health Care Organizations (2, FaSm) Application of principles of health administration. Role of managers; managing people and programs; human resource management concepts and applications; working with professionals; governance; public relations.

PPD 518 Quality of Care Concepts (2, Sp) Quality issues and complexities affecting health care; fundamentals of quality improvement programs; examination of quality issues and improvement programs in various health care venues; strategies.

PPD 519 Methods and Applications of Health Services Research (2, Fa) Examination of policy and management issues for empirical research; indicators and measurement of outcomes; impact on policy and management decisions; methodology; analysis of quantitative and qualitative data. Prerequisite: PPD 514.

PPD 520 Economic Approaches to Health Policy Analysis (2, Sp) Evaluation of current major health policy challenges and issues; economic analysis of behavioral responses to change in health care policy; new legislation; policy trade-offs. Prerequisite: PPD 514.

PPD 521ab Information Technology Management Systems in Health Care (2-2, Sm) Principles and methods of systems analysis; assessment; strategic planning, design consideration; e-health and e-commerce system trends; health care information systems application areas; regulatory requirements. Prerequisite: PPD 511. b: Analytic methods used to develop data-driven solutions; specific problems in health care organizations; integrating data; communicating data; interpretation; exploration of new approaches for improvement.

PPD 524 Planning Theory (2, Fa) Development of a critical perspective by becoming more aware of the intellectual roots of the planning profession, with a focus on practical outcomes of actions. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 501.)

PPD 525 Statistics and Arguing from Data (2, FaSp) Fundamentals of probability and statistics, planning analysis techniques, computing standards, and understanding of the rhetoric related to statistical analysis. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 502.)

PPD 526 Comparative International Development (2, Fa) Introduction to comparative international development with a focus on regional growth and urban development. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 505.)

PPD 527 The Social Context of Planning (2, Sp) Examination of the formation of the modern urban environment with its consumer culture, social classes, and racial and ethnic diversity. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 506.)

PPD 529 Legal Environment of Planning (2, Sp) Understanding of the legal system and its processes and laws applicable to land use and development and the legal nature of powers of public and private entities. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 509.)

PPD 530 Historical Analysis of Urban Form and Planning Practice (2, Sp) Awareness, analysis, understanding, and influencing the city building process locally and regionally; isolate and exercise tools and methods of visual literacy. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 510.)

PPD 531L Planning Studio (4, 8, 12, max 12, FaSp) Application of methods in planning, programming, research, and evaluation in a professional context; data collection and analysis; case studies; practical applications. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 576L and PLUS 676L.)

PPD 532L International Planning and Development Laboratory Workshop (4-8, Sm) Application of planning principles and methods to specific urban planning problems abroad; involves preparation in the spring semester and an overseas field visit and a collaborative practicum. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 575L.)

PPD 533 Planning History and Urban Form (2) History of urban planning with an emphasis on the evolution of how planning shaped the physical environment in response to political, economic, and social issues.

PPD 540 Public Administration and Society (4, FaSpSm) Administrative concepts, institutions, legal systems, and practices; values; facilitation of responsibilities and rights; professional applications for personal, private sector, and public achievement. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 500.)

PPD 541 Public Financial Management and Budgeting (4, Fa) Financial management applied to public and nonprofit organizations; financial valuation, financial markets, budgeting, tax administration, debt financing, cost-benefit analysis and financial analysis. (Duplicates credit in PPDE 645.)

PPD 542 Policy and Program Evaluation (4, Sp) Methods and models for policy and program evaluation; methods of collecting and analyzing evaluation data; processes for linking evaluation to policy formulation and program management. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 525 and former PUAD 529.) Prerequisite: PPD 502x.

PPD 543 Internship Seminar (1, FaSp) Supervised study of management, analytical, or other professional activities in government; integration of theory, practice and relevant literature. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 544.)

PPD 545 Human Behavior in Public Organizations (4, FaSpSm) Behavior in organizations; focus on personal, interpersonal, and group level factors that influence such behavior. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 585.)

PPD 546 Capstone in Public Administration (4, FaSpSm) Constitutionally accountable and ethical practice, individually and organizationally; applications of core competencies; practical inquiry, analysis, systems; comparative frameworks; citizenship and public service. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 597.) Open only to master’s and doctoral students. Prerequisite: PPD 501b, PPD 540, PPD 545.

PPD 552 Managing and Financing Public Engineering Works (3, FaSpSm) (Enroll in CE 552)

PPD 554 Foundations of Public Policy Analysis (2, Fa) Introduction to public policy analysis; issue diagnosis and policy design; analytic reasoning and argumentation; the role of the public policy professional; ethical issues in policy analysis. Open only to MPP students and Certificate in Public Policy students.

PPD 555 Public Policy Formulation and Implementation (4, Sp) Political and organizational perspectives on policy making process; agenda setting, policy design, adoption, implementation, evaluation, modification or termination. Policy leadership skills: negotiation and strategic mapping. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 528 and PPD 554 and PPD 559.)

PPD 557 Modeling and Operations Research (4, FaSpSm) Management science methods that support decision making in policy, management, and planning settings. Includes linear programming, queuing theory, decision analysis, and forecasting. Open only to master’s or doctoral students. Prerequisite: PPD 502x or PPD 525.

PPD 558 Multivariate Statistical Analysis (4, FaSp) Applied multivariate statistics in support of policy, management, and planning problem solving. Includes regression analysis, logit models, and an introduction to time-series models and multi-equation estimation. Open only to master’s and doctoral students. Prerequisite: PPD 502x or PPD 525.

PPD 559 Policy Implementation and Evaluation (4, FaSp) Theoretical approaches, critical issues, and research methods in public policy implementation. Field-based research project. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 570.)

PPD 560 Methods for Policy Analysis (4, Sp) Examination of methods used in the analysis of policy methods, including cost benefit analysis, decision and risk analysis, and applied social science methods. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 572.) Prerequisite: PPD 502x and PPD 554 and PPD 501b.

PPD 561ab Policy Analysis Practicum (1, 3, FaSp) Application and integration of the knowledge and techniques of analytic, quantitative, managerial, political and ethical analyses to specific public policy problems. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 589.)

PPD 568 Environmental Governance and Sustainability (2, Fa) Introduction to leading issues of environmental governance and policy in looking toward a more sustainable future; normatively important concerns and the social, cultural, and political dimensions; thematic look from values to action.

PPD 569 Applied International Policy Analysis and Management Project (4, Sp) Enables students to integrate theory, research and practice into an applied project of their own choosing. The output of this course is a professional report in a selected public policy or management area. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 507.)

PPD 570 Applied Statistics for Planning, Policy and Management (4, Sm) Use of statistical reasoning to answer questions related to public policy and management. Students will review and understand selected statistical techniques for analyzing data and for addressing public policy and management questions of interest using applied data analysis. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 523.)

PPD 571 International Public Policy and Management Seminar (4, Fa) An introduction to the concepts and methods of public policy analysis and management. Highlights some of the constraints of the policy process. Includes examples from the United States but also presents comparative views of the contours of public policy in both developed and developing nations. The course applies public policy and management frameworks to selected areas of social policy. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 524.)

PPD 572 Special Issues in International Public Policy (1-4, max 12, FaSpSm) Current international public policy on issues such as governmental reform, regulation, social welfare, poverty alleviation and international aid. Policy framework and in-depth analysis of specific topics of relevance to governmental agencies and international organizations.

PPD 587 Risk Analysis (4) Concepts of risk analysis, risk in engineered systems, environmental risk, security risks; fault trees, event trees, risk simulations; risks and decision-making. Recommended preparation: MATH 108 or MATH 116.

PPD 588 Introduction to Transportation Planning Law (3) (Enroll in CE 579)

PPD 589 Port Engineering: Planning and Operations (3) (Enroll in CE 589)

PPD 590 Directed Research (1-12, FaSpSm) Research leading to the master’s degree. Maximum units which may be applied to the degree to be determined by the department. Graded CR/NC.

PPD 594abz Master’s Thesis (2-2-0, FaSp) Credit on acceptance of thesis. Graded IP/CR/NC.

PPD 599 Special Topics (2-4, max 8, FaSpSm) Selected topics in public policy, management and planning.

PPD 600 Management of Managed Care Organizations (2, FaSpSm) Managed care arrangements, interorganizational relations, management practices and controls, medical staff relations, strategic planning, marketing, utilization review, quality assurance, outcomes measures. Prerequisite: PPD 545 or HMGT 520; recommended preparation: PPD 516, PPD 510a or HMGT 565.

PPD 601 Management of Long-Term Care Organizations (4, Fa) History, development, trends; major policy issues; organization of systems; principles and techniques of administration; management of institutional and community based programs. Open only to graduate students.

PPD 602 Strategic and Operational Planning for Health Services (4, 2 years, Fa) Strategic, institutional, and program planning theory and methods; governmental and legal requirements, certificate of need processes, reimbursement controls; financing and marketing considerations, practices, and methods. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 535.)

PPD 603 Marketing of Health Services (4, Sm) Assessing community needs and organizational service capabilities; evaluating competition; qualitative and quantitative market research methods; market communications and advertising; developing marketing plans. Recommended preparation: PPD 502x or competence in statistics.

PPD 604 Seminar in Hospital Administration (4, Sm) Hospital systems and functions; managerial processes, theory, and practice; governance structures; legal, regulatory, administrative, and professional requirements; medical and professional staff; multi-institutional arrangements; controls. Open only to graduate students. Prerequisite: PPD 545 or HMGT 520; recommended preparation: PPD 516.

PPD 605 Frontline Issues in Health Services Administration and Policy (2, max 6, FaSpSm) Emphasis on current or emergent issues in the health care industry. Focus on impact of recent health legislation and/or health care system responsiveness.

PPD 606 Urban Health Policy (4, Fa) Addresses current U.S. health policy issues and the critical processes that shape them, with an emphasis on urban populations; institutional, economic, social, ethical, and political factors.

PPD 607 Introduction to Public Health Policy (4, Sp) Public health policy and analysis methods; evaluation of the public health system and safety net programs.

PPD 608 Leadership Symposium in Health Management and Policy (1, max 3, FaSpSm) A forum for leading executives and policymakers to address ways they or their organizations improve healthcare financing, delivery and management, in the U.S. and internationally.

PPD 609 Physician Practice Management (2, Sp) Overview of medical practice management issues, structures, systems and strategies for effective clinical and financial performance of physician organizations. Recommended preparation: PPD 509.

PPD 610 Managed Care Contracting (2, Fa) Provides practical and strategic decision-making skills in managed care contracting, including contract types, terms and conditions; financial assessment; proposal development and analysis; and negotiation. Prerequisite: PPD 600; recommended preparation: PPD 510a or HMGT 565, PPD 514.

PPD 611 Policy Issues in Planning and Development (4, Fa) Overview of policy issues in planning and development professions in the U.S. and abroad. Special attention to collective decision making, role of institutions, and ethics. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 503.)

PPD 612 Research and Analytical Techniques (4, Sp) Professional practice-oriented analytic skill; fundamentals of data manipulation; spreadsheet applications and forecasting; and communication of results. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 504.)

PPD 613ab Policy, Planning, and Development International Laboratory (a: 1, max 2, Sp; b: 3, max 6, Sm) Research methods for intensive practical field research and evaluation; policy, management and planning practice in intercultural contexts; preparation for professional-level consulting abroad.

PPD 614 Management in Planning Practice (2 or 4, 2 years, Sp) Administrative, management, political, and other problems faced by the practicing professional planner. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 521.)

PPD 615 Comparative Urbanization, Development, and Inequality (4, Irregular) Theories of inequality, dependency and dualism in relation to urbanization, growth, and poverty in developing countries; development and underdevelopment; core-periphery linkages. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 534.)

PPD 616 Participatory Methods in Planning and Policy (4) Approaches to community participation, introducing students to the theories behind participatory methods as well as to the skills to implement them.

PPD 617 Urban Demography and Growth (4, Fa) Theory and policy regarding population change in urban areas; housing; cohort analysis; immigration; ethnicity; employment; education. Methods of graphic representation; census data manipulation, interpretation, forecasting. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 539.)

PPD 618 Housing Facilities and Community Development (4, Irregular) Structure of the building industry and technology. Housing markets and programs; environmental standards. Community development and redevelopment. Planning, program development, finance, and coordination of public facilities and services. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 540.)

PPD 619 Smart Growth and Urban Sprawl: Policy Debates and Planning Solutions (4, Irregular) Determinants and analytical models of land use; interaction of land uses with environmental quality and natural resources, land use policy instruments; regulation, taxation, public services. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 562.)

PPD 620 General Plans (4, Fa) Assessment of a recently adopted general plan, analysis of the general plan process, and detailed review of each major element and issue. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 563.)

PPD 621 Environmental Impacts (4, Sp) Legal, political/institutional, and technical aspects of environmental impact reports for urban planning. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 561.)

PPD 622 Seminar in Urban Development (4, Irregular) Central city housing and renewal problems and policies. Site selection, organization; land valuation, acquisition, disposition; relocation and management; reuse; site planning and development; politics; financing. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 541.)

PPD 623 Community Development and Site Planning (4, Sp) Urban form and emerging community design practices; design project development; evaluation and assessment of site planning in cities and local communities.

PPD 624 Local Economic Development: Theory and Finance (4, Sp) Socioeconomic change, economic development theory, assessment techniques, and economic indicators in the context of planning and development policies and programs. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 547.)

PPD 625 Planning and Economic Development Finance (4, Fa) Fundamentals for economic development professionals and policy makers including feasibility analysis and the financing of facilities, social services, and community-based enterprises. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 546.)

PPD 626 Public/Private and Mixed Enterprises Planning (2, Sp; 4, Fa) Case studies of planning and public/private and mixed enterprises; public production of private goods; privatization of public services; public/private partnerships; mixed enterprises.

PPD 627 Design Skills for Urban Planners (4, Fa) Develop observation, description, analysis, and conceptualization skills related to urban spatial conditions; advance professional communication proficiencies. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 573.)

PPD 628 Urban Planning and Social Policy (4, Irregular) Urban planning and social work: theory, values, techniques of inquiry, and problem-solving methods appropriate to urban planning and social work. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 552.)

PPD 629 Planning in the Voluntary Nonprofit Sector (4, Irregular) Structure of voluntary nonprofit sector; role in social, economic, and spatial planning; corporate philanthropy; foundations; pass-through organizations; nonprofit planning requirements. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 545.)

PPD 630 Urban Economic Analysis (4, Sp) Economic models of cities and city development and structure; housing and land markets; transportation systems; problems of congestion and pollution; evaluation of urban policies. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 566.)

PPD 631 Geographic Information Systems for Policy, Planning, and Development (2) Introduction to GIS systems and usage in the public sector; spatial data; understanding software and the application of technology; analysis of data using GIS.

PPD 632 Planning Analysis and Evaluation (4, Sp) Methods of policy, program, and plan evaluation: economic principles and theoretical concepts introduced, followed by case studies. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 574.)

PPD 633 Urban Transportation Planning and Management (4, 2 years, Fa) Background applications of established urban travel forecasting procedures; land use; trip-generation, trip-distribution, modal-choice, trip-assignment; evaluation; criticisms. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 580.)

PPD 634 Institutional and Policy Issues in Transportation (4, Sp) Analysis of policies relating to transportation alternatives; institutional environment and background; federal, state, regional, and local agency responsibilities and interactions. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 581.)

PPD 635 Principles of Transportation Systems Analysis (4, Fa) Planning, design, modeling, and operation of inter- and intra-urban transportation networks. Analysis of contemporary engineering-economic issues relevant to transport, especially questions pertaining to infrastructure. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 582.)

PPD 636 Infrastructure and Modern Society (2, Sp) Survey of infrastructure issues that relates principles from multiple disciplines to the provision of vital services and encourages critical thinking within a systems context.

PPD 637 Forecasting and Urban Planning: A Survey of Theory and Methods (4, Sp) Overview of forecasting methods and applications in urban planning processes used to determine urban futures; includes theoretical and institutional factors as well as quantitative methods.

PPD 638 Integrative Seminar (4, FaSpSm) Individual research and preparation of an integrated comprehensive study coordinated with a sponsor such as a government agency or development firm. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 591.) Prerequisite: PPD 611, PPD 612.

PPD 639 Introduction to Community and Economic Development (4, FaSp) Theories of community and economic development and a contextual understanding of the forces that change the development and community life of urban areas.

PPD 640 Leadership Foundations: Competencies and Core Values (4, Sm) An intensive introduction to leading through core values. Focuses on developing leadership skills at the personal level to build a foundation for leadership at all levels. Open only to Executive Master of Leadership students.

PPD 641 Leading Individuals, Groups and Teams (4, Fa) Leadership styles in various settings; team demographics, and dynamics; problem-solving; decision-making; diversity and critical thinking skills; effect of culture on small group communication; managing conflict. Open only to Executive Master of Leadership students. Prerequisite: PPD 640.

PPD 642 Strategic Leadership of Organizations (4, Sp) Strategic analysis; strategic planning; leadership; performance measurement and management; control systems; organizational structure and networks; organizational culture; organizational learning and change. Open only to Executive Master of Leadership students. Prerequisite: PPD 641.

PPD 643 Leading Transformations Across Sectors: Integrative Seminar (4, Sm) Application and practice of leadership skills working across the public, private and nonprofit sectors. Skills include negotiation, collaboration, communication, political management and ethical responsibilities. Open only to Executive Master of Leadership students. Prerequisite: PPD 642.

PPD 644 Shaping the Built Environment (4) Introduction to the theories and concepts and good city form. Explores the options for designing more livable and sustainable urban communities.

PPD 645 Professional Development (1-4, max 8, Irregular) Selected topics in the practical application of administrative concepts. Graded CR/NC. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 502.)

PPD 646 Fieldwork (1-4, max 8, Sp) Supervised study of management activities in governmental agencies. Graded CR/NC. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 503.)

PPD 647 Finance of the Public Sector (4, Sp) Sources of government revenue, intergovernmental financial relations, budgeting, public goods theory. Theoretical and applied skills in analysis of equity and efficiency issues. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 513.) Prerequisite: PPD 501b.

PPD 648 Concepts and Practices of Public Budgeting (4, Irregular) Budget planning, budget formulation, tools for budget analysis and budget implementation. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 515.)

PPD 649 Concepts and Practices in Public Personnel Administration (4, FaSm) Concepts of man and of work; workforce; government personnel systems, including merit concepts, classification, and compensation; collective bargaining; organizational justice; training and development. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 516.)

PPD 650 Organization Development in Public Administration (4, FaSp) Overview of concepts and methodologies of organization development; diagnosing organizational needs; developing change strategies; selecting appropriate interventions. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 517.)

PPD 651 Seminar in the Administration of Local Government (4, Irregular) Intensive consideration of the functions of the municipal executive and his environment. Research preparation and discussion of cases. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 520.)

PPD 652 Financial Administration in Local Government (4, Irregular) Revenue sources, fees and charges, benefit assessments; financing economic development and redevelopment, issuing and managing debt, current asset management, and state-local relations. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 521.)

PPD 653 Training in the Public Sector (4, Fa) Emergence of public service training; learning theories; program development process — assessing needs, design, delivery, and evaluation; role of media; individual, group, organization development; managing training. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 522.)

PPD 654 Information Technology Management in the Public Sector (4, FaSpSm) Application of computer and information technology in government; e-government; information technology architecture; systems project management. (Duplicates credit in former PPD 518.)

PPD 655 Administrative Law (4, Sm) Administrative perspectives on legal principles of agency rule-making and adjudication; distinctions between the two; informal administrative actions; decision-making; judicial review; public control of administrative decisions. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 543.)

PPD 656 Political Management: Theory and Applied Techniques (4, Sm) Political management theories; strategy formation; research and data collection approaches; computer applications; electronic databases; issue management; problem-solving techniques; ethical considerations. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 545.)

PPD 657 Political Leadership in Public Organizations (4, Sp) Concepts and skills for public executives and senior managers; understanding the dynamics of governmental institutions and policy processes; organizational and personal assessment skills. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 546.)

PPD 658 Advocacy in Public Administration (4, Fa) Perspectives on advocacy in the policy process; practice of advocacy; accessing the policy process; simulation of the advocacy process; ethical considerations. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 547.)

PPD 659 National Security Administration and the Domestic and International Environment (4, Irregular) Interplay of domestic and international environments; resultant constraints upon national security program administration; administrative and organizational implications for future scenarios. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 549.)

PPD 660 Local Agency Debt and Cash Administration (4, Irregular) Overview of methods of debt and cash administration including official statement analysis; mechanics of different types of issues; and cash management principles. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 550.)

PPD 661 Intergovernmental Management: Local Perspective (4, Fa) Role of city, special district, and metropolitan governments in intergovernmental relations; intergovernmental impacts on local policy process and service delivery; management problems and alternatives. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 552.)

PPD 662 Intergovernmental Management: State Perspective (4, FaSp) Role of state government in intergovernmental relations, emphasis on California experience; financial aspects of intergovernmental system. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 553.)

PPD 663 Intergovernmental Management: Federal Perspective (4, Irregular) Role of national government in intergovernmental process; impact of federal legislative, executive, and judicial actions on state and local government; intergovernmental policy-making process. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 554.)

PPD 664 Contract Management (2, Sp) Contract management techniques in the public and private sectors; micro and macro management; compliance and negotiation; conflicts of interest and ethical issues.

PPD 665 Contemporary Issues in Philanthropy (4) Motivations and strategies of philanthropists; philanthropic foundations and emerging institutions for philanthropy; issues of philanthropic stewardship, public policy and public accountability.

PPD 666 Administrative Research and Analysis (4, Irregular) Theory and methods for study of administrative effectiveness: problem solving, performance measurement, administrative and organizational research, quality improvement, and change implementation. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 506.) Prerequisite: PPD 502x.

PPD 667 Public Ethics (4, Sp) Following an introduction to the study of ethics, relationships among administrative, political and policy ethics are examined, emphasizing the ethics of the administrative role. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 560.)

PPD 668 Entrepreneurship in the Public Sector (4, Irregular) Providing public services through the private and nonprofit sectors; public-private partnerships; political and organizational skills required for public entrepreneurship. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 561.)

PPD 669 Federal Management Systems (4, FaSp) Principal institutions and processes in federal government for overhead leadership and control; examines Office of Management and Budget, Office of Personnel Management, Merit Systems Protection Board, General Services Administration, and General Accounting Office. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 564.)

PPD 670 Management of Intergovernmental Programs (4, Sp) Analysis of relationships among governmental units in delivery of governmental programs; historical development of intergovernmental relations; present status and future implications. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 566.)

PPD 671 Decision-Making in Regulatory Agencies (4, Irregular) Risk assessment, management, and communication concepts and practices; comparisons of regulatory decision making in regulatory agencies; emerging benefit assessment, cost-effectiveness, and communication issues. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 567.)

PPD 672 Presidency, Congress, and the Bureaucracy (4, SpSm) Relationships in national government among political executive, legislative, and administrative units; reviews institutions, formal processes, and political dynamics. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 568.)

PPD 673 Strategic Planning in the Public Sector (4, Sp) Analysis/field application of action research models for strategic planning in public agencies; design of effective public systems; citizens/administrators’ roles in strategic decision-making. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 574.)

PPD 674 Science, Technology, and Government (4, Irregular) Impact of science/technology on governmental policy, processes, institutions; critical policy areas in science/technology; machinery for formulating science policy; governmental impact on science/technology. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 575.)

PPD 675 Nonprofit Management and Leadership (4, FaSpSm) Issues in nonprofit management and leadership including: the role of boards; strategic planning; marketing and fund-raising; financial management; and volunteer and human resource management. Recommended preparation: PPD 689.

PPD 676 Comparative Public Administration (4, Irregular) Methodologies, theories and models of comparison; administrative systems; role and functions of the public sector; administrative cultures. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 579.)

PPD 677 International Development Administration (4, Sp) Development of theories; role of international institutions in resource exchanges; foreign investment and trade policies; national planning and allocation systems; development and modernization strategies and implementation. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 581.)

PPD 678 Processes of Change in Developing Societies (4, Irregular) Nature of traditional and transitional societies; theories and practice of developmental change; role of bureaucracy in development; institution building; public enterprise; technology assessment and transfer. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 582.)

PPD 679 Financial Administration in Developing Countries (4, Sm) Public sector finance; tax policy and administration; budgeting and auditing; debt management; public enterprise and development banks; planning; techniques; project assessment. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 583.)

PPD 680 Development of Effective Groups and Organizations (4, Fa) Theories and techniques of assessing and improving interpersonal relationships and group dynamics in an organizational context; action research-based approaches to implementing organizational change. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 586.)

PPD 681 Public Organization and Management Theory (4, FaSp) Nature and management of public organizations; examination of organizational characteristics, forms, and processes, including the relationship with the broader environment. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 595.)

PPD 682 Justice Administration: A Management Perspective (4, 2 years, Fa) Justice administration as an interactive system: law, etiology of crime, police, the judiciary and corrections. Interface of offenders with community and political force fields. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 540.)

PPD 683 Homeland Security and Public Policy (4, FaSp) Definition and history of terrorism, counterterrorism, domestic policy and public sector management; intelligence/information sharing and analysis; emergency preparedness planning, response and recovery.

PPD 684 Leadership Development in the Public and Nonprofit Sectors (2, Fa) An overview of leadership concepts, frameworks and skills; application of leadership in complex or inter-sectoral settings.

PPD 685 Human Resources Management in Public and Non-Profit Sectors (2, Fa) Merit principles, position classification, recruitment and selection, compensation, organizational development, labor relations; challenges and strategies for managing a diverse workforce.

PPD 686 U.S. Immigration Policy (4, Sp) Overall understanding of contemporary U.S. immigration policy.

PPD 687 Strategic Management in the Nonprofit Sector (4, Sp) Strategic management of nonprofit organizations, social entrepreneurship, and management practice. Prerequisite: PPD 675 and PPD 689.

PPD 688 Business and Public Policy (4, Irregular) The business-government relationship; effects of selected public policies (antitrust, economic, and social regulation, industrial policies, legal policy) on firm and industry behavior. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 557.) Prerequisite: PPD 501b.

PPD 689 The Nonprofit Sector and Philanthropy (4, FaSp) Nonprofit organizations and their relation to government and business; the role of philanthropy, social enterprise and public support; and implications for policy, strategy and management.

PPD 690 Alternative Dispute Resolution (4, Fa) Theory and methods of conflict analysis, negotiation, facilitation and mediation in the public sector. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 519.)

PPD 691 Methods for Assessment and Protection of Environmental Quality (3, Sp) (Enroll in CE 564)

PPD 692 Transportation and the Environment (4, Sp) Analysis of the benefits and costs of urban transportation; concepts of social costs; benefits and externalities; environmental costs; social justice issues; policy and planning alternatives for sustainable transportation. (Duplicates credit in former PPD 584.) Prerequisite: PPD 501a.

PPD 693 Communicating Public Policy (4) Exploring the complex relationships that exist among policies, policymakers, and the media; analyzing the role of journalists and policy analysts in the public policy process.

PPD 694 Coastal Policy and Planning (4, Sp) Coastal management issues in the context of public and private users competing for land resources, the costs and benefits of seaports, compare coastal development models.

PPD 695 Clinical Issues for Managers (1, Fa) Introduces key information and concepts for managers of clinical services. Examines problems and issues facing health care managers and clinician relations.

PPD 696 Health Care Venture Development (2, SpSm) Focuses on developing the resourcefulness, know-how and decision support skills needed to identify, assess and develop new health ventures. Includes business planning, financing, strategy, entrepreneurship. Recommended preparation: PPD 510a or HMGT 565.

PPD 697 Cultural Proficiency in Health Management and Policy (2, Sp) Provides an understanding of what social factors contribute to racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and gender disparities in health and the culturally proficient provision of health care.

PPD 698 Strategic Management and Change (4) Theory and applied skills in management of social sector organizations with applications in international settings. Strategic management and planning; communication strategies, marketing and promotion; leadership skills; organizational development and change.

PPD 700ab Teaching Seminar (1-1, FaSpSm) Pedagogy: learning objectives, curriculum design, teaching methods, evaluation. Open only to doctoral students. Graded CR/NC.

PPD 706 Paradigms of Research and the Design of Inquiry (4, FaSp) Philosophy of social science; applied social research; research design; sampling and validity; overview of qualitative and quantitative methods. Open only to doctoral students.

PPD 707 Survey Research Methods (4, Sp) Collection and use of survey data: basic orientation, mechanics of using SAS, and interpretation of survey tabulations. Graduate standing. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 608.) Prerequisite: PPD 525.

PPD 708 Qualitative Methods (4, Sp) Reflective and critical approach that questions data collection techniques, positions relative to those being studied, and explanatory methods. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 609.) Recommended preparation: PPD 525 or PPD 612.

PPD 709 Applications in the Advanced Quantitative Methods (4, Sp) Statistical and econometric modeling in real estate finance, urban economics, public policy, and planning research. Building, estimating and adjusting models for real-world. Prerequisite: PPD 525.

PPD 710ab Research Seminar (a: 2, Fa; b: 2, Sp) Research fields and design; literature reviews; critical reading and critiquing; project development. Open only to doctoral students. Graded CR/NC. Prerequisite: PPD 706.

PPD 711 Theoretical Foundation of Public Management (4, Fa) Theories of the role, structure, and growth of the public sector; political economy of public bureaucracies; the voluntary nonprofit sector. Prerequisite: PPD 501b.

PPD 712 Seminar in Public Policy (4, Fa) Critical analysis of the policy field; theoretical foundations; integration of quantitative, organizational, and political considerations; policy research. (Duplicates credit in former PUAD 626.) Prerequisite: PPD 501b, PPD 554.

PPD 713 Advanced Planning Theory (4, Fa) Positive and normative attitudes of public plans, policies, programs, organizational and institutional settings; policy analysis; modeling of social choices; evaluation; applied welfare analysis; performance assessment. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 605.)

PPD 714 Advanced Urban Development (4, Fa) Urbanization, urban economics, land use, the politics of growth, governance, regulation, and the state, immigration, and place promotion.

PPD 715 Political Economy and Institutional Analysis (4) Institutional dimension of political economy; analytic approaches in institutional analysis and their relevance for understanding the interactions between political and economic factors in public-sector issues. Prerequisite: PPD 501ab.

PPD 790 Research (1-12, FaSpSm) Research leading to the doctorate. Maximum units which may be applied to the degree to be determined by the department. Graded CR/NC. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 790 and PUAD 790.)

PPD 794abcdz Doctoral Dissertation (2-2-2-2-0, FaSpSm) Credit on acceptance of dissertation. Graded IP/CR/NC. (Duplicates credit in former PLUS 794abcdz and PUAD 794abcdz.)

PPD 795 Law of the Political Process (2-4, max 8) (Enroll in LAW 795)

PPD 797 Public Policy in Law: Analysis and Advocacy (1-4) (Enroll in LAW 797)